In a period of 40-50 days, with usage of microbial fertilizers, the organic matter will be completely dissolved. For the soil, it is important that the microbiological processes decompose the waste plant and organic matter waste since they prevent the lack of Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), Potassium K), Calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg), etc. This may happen if the amount of Carbon (C)exceeds the permitted limits and mobilizes the release of the elements, which are linked to the Carbon.
This ratio may not be greater than (20: 1) (C: N, C: P, C, K) in the prepared humus. In mature humus the ratio of C: N is 10: 1 and it is considered to be an ideal ratio. In cases where CO2 exceeds the limits, bacteria which have mobilized the necessary substances will release them only when the ratio will be below (20: 1). The basic theory for the complete replacement of mineral fertilizers and microbiological fertilizers is based on precise estimations of processes of humidification and dehumidification of the organic matter and nitrogen fixation, regardless if they are symbiotic or non- symbiotic.
For example, from livestock manure or any organic waste obtained through the microbiological processes, an amount of 3-3.5 (tones/ hectare) humus substances is created, which is then dehumidified. This specifies the so-called balance or equilibrium level for importing and exporting natural nutrient in and out of the soil. It is sufficient for correct yields and preserving the natural fertility of soil to the level it used to have in the past. Let us remind ourselves that the plant dry-matter consists not only of Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) or Potassium (K), Calcium (Ca), but also of Carbon (C) 45% Oxygen (O) 45%, and Hydrogen(H) 6%. The plants take these elements directly from nature and only 2% are considered to be N:P:K.
All the afore mentioned points to the fact that more attention and importance should be given to measures which contribute to better absorption of dominant compounds such as C, O, H. To summarize, organic fertilizers and plant waste treated with microbiological fertilizers are ideal environment for nitrogen fixation, ammonification and nitrifying. Furthermore, in the soil, the carbonic acid is created too, which slowly breaks down the organic and the inorganic components which are the most difficult for dissolution, i.e. the ones in which the phosphorus and potassium are stranded. slowing down their merging, these components become more accessible for the plants.